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English Language Learner KnowledgeBase for Administrators & Teachers

This KnowledgeBase archive includes content and external links that were accurate and relevant as of September 30, 2019.

The English Language Learner (ELL) KnowledgeBase for Administrators and Teachers is an online resource supporting both the administration, teaching and execution of programs for English learning students. It offers resources related to Office for Civil Rights (OCR) requirements and the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA).

Task 5: Dual Language Immersion and Two-Way Immersion




Dual Language Immersion Will Change Achievement in American Public Schools

This American Councils for International Education website features this July 2017 article which asserts parents, teachers, community leaders, and the schools themselves can advocate for an approach that may well empower both multilingual and native English-speaking students. We believe the answer lies in dual language immersion programs.


Resources for Two-Way Immersion and Dual Language Practitioners

This Center for Applied Linguistics (CAL) website works to expand our offerings and information related to Bilingual and Dual Language Education, including Two-Way Immersion. In dual language education programs, students are taught literacy and academic content in English and a partner language. Two-way immersion (TWI) is a distinctive form of dual language education in which balanced numbers of native English speakers and native speakers of the partner language are integrated for instruction so that both groups of students serve in the role of language model and language learner at different times.

What is Dual Language Education?

This Dual Language Education of New Mexico website explains, "Dual language is a form of bilingual education in which students are taught literacy and content in two languages."  This website also features: type of dual language programs, two basic models of dual language programs, and frequently used resources.



Using Dual Language Strategies in the Early Grades

This Helios brief provides an early examination of Helios Education Foundation's Initiative to Increase Literacy. Helios' research affirms that the ability to speak and read in more than one language offers social, cultural, cognitive, and economic benefits. Children who maintain fluency in their home language while also acquiring a second language in the classroom benefit on many levels. Not only do these students benefit from social and cultural relationships that monolingual students do not, but they also show an increased aptitude in phonological awareness, a precursor to learning to read and write in alphabetic languages like English. Additionally, as our workforce evolves globally, the ability to speak, read, and write multiple languages will only benefit students as they progress into college and career. Helios Education believes as our nation’s diversity grows and we prepare more children for success in K-12 education, providing an inclusive classroom experience that both respects and promotes multiple languages not only benefits the students, it benefits our nation.



Strategies for Effective Two-Way Immersion (TWI) Programs: A Chinese American Perspective

This San Jose State University website features this paper on Asian/Pacific-American Education Concerns by JI-MEI CHANG, PH.D., explores six strategies for effective Two-Way Immersion (TWI) programs.

The contents of this website were developed under a grant from the U.S. Department of Education and are intended for general reference purposes only. However, those contents do not necessarily represent the policy of the U.S. Department of Education or the Center, and you should not assume endorsement by the Federal Government. Some resources on this site require Adobe Acrobat Reader. This website archive includes content and external links that were accurate and relevant as of September 30, 2019.