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Early Language & Literacy KnowledgeBase

This KnowledgeBase archive includes content and external links that were accurate and relevant as of September 30, 2019.

The Early Language and Literacy KnowledgeBase is an online resource supporting language and literacy development in early learners from birth through age eight. Its focus is to support parents and caregivers in helping early learners with their language and literacy development, and teachers in enhancing their instruction for early learners from pre-Kindergarten through Grade 3.

Sub-Task 3: Fluency



Student Center Activities Grades K-1

This link to the Florida Center for Reading Research website provides instructional materials for grades K-1 related to developing phonological awareness and building fluency, vocabulary and comprehension. At the site, teachers can download a professional development DVD and access instructional resources. Though intended for Florida teachers, teachers in other states may find the content useful.



This link to the University of Oregon's Big Ideas in Beginning Reading website provides information about fluency.


Fluency Instruction

This link to the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development website provides a review of fluency instruction reporting on the scientifically-based research supporting fluency instruction.


Reading Fluency Assessment and Instruction: What, Why, and How?

This article explains the importance of fluency in the development of reading proficiency and offers several methods of assessment and instruction.


Reading Topics - Fluency

This link to the Reading Rockets website provides resources on fluency. A series of videos on related topics is provided.


What Works in Fluency Instruction

This article from the Reading Rockets website provides extracted information on fluency instruction from the National Reading Panel's report, Teaching Children to Read.