Parent Page: Educational Services id: 32641 Active Page: Understand the Cognitive Developmentid:32646

Early Language & Literacy KnowledgeBase

This KnowledgeBase archive includes content and external links that were accurate and relevant as of September 30, 2019.

The Early Language and Literacy KnowledgeBase is an online resource supporting language and literacy development in early learners from birth through age eight. Its focus is to support parents and caregivers in helping early learners with their language and literacy development, and teachers in enhancing their instruction for early learners from pre-Kindergarten through Grade 3.

Task 2: Understand the Cognitive Development of the Early Learner

Guideline: Cognitive development in early childhood involves abilities associated with memory, reasoning, problem-solving, and thinking. As young children are developing physically, they are developing their mental abilities as well. Being aware of how young learners develop intellectually helps educators of young learners understand young students. This task provides resources explaining how young learners develop their cognitive abilities.




Bilingualism: Consequences for Language, Cognition, Development, and the Brain

This article from the ASHA Leader newspaper, published by the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA), explores the association between bilingualism and cognitive development. Though not exclusively focused on early childhood development, educators of early learners may find the general content helpful.


Connecting Neurons, Concepts, and People: Brain Development and Its Implications

This National Institute for Early Education Research fact sheet explores the science of early brain development.


From Neurons to Neighborhoods: The Science of Early Childhood Development

This National Academies of Science book is a comprehensive resource focusing on the scientific study of child development and how environmental factors impact early learning. It provides a synthesis of the research of child development and early learning. The book can be downloaded at this National Academies Press website. Access to an executive summary and related podcast is available at the website.


Models of Cognitive Development in Young Children

This resource provides information about models of cognitive development in young children advocated by Jean Piaget, Lev Vygotsky, and Jerome Bruner.


National Scientific Council on the Developing Child

The National Scientific Council on the Developing Child, a multi-disciplinary, multi-university collaboration, is designed to bring the science of early childhood and early brain development to bear on public decision-making. As noted at its website, “web-based interactive features describe and explain key concepts in the science of early childhood development and early childhood program evaluation research using an easy-to-follow slideshow format.”