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Response to Intervention KnowledgeBase

This KnowledgeBase archive includes content and external links that were accurate and relevant as of September 30, 2019.

The Response to Intervention KnowledgeBase is an online resource supporting educators in understanding and implementing the response to intervention (RTI) model. The National Implementation Research Network (NIRN) has identified four stages in the implementation of evidence-based strategies such as RTI. The first stage is Exploration, and it involves consideration of the essential components of RTI models and the district or school's readiness to implement an RTI model with fidelity. During the second stage, Installation, a district or school selects an RTI model and works actively to put in place all of the supports necessary for implementing the essential components. These supports can include staff member training, policies, implementation guides, forms, assessments, instructional programs, and software. The third stage is Initial Implementation, and it involves implementing the essential components. Initial Implementation can involve just a few components or teachers, and then implementation expands over time. When the majority of teachers are implementing all components of RTI with fidelity, the district or school is in the fourth stage, called Full Implementation. This KnowledgeBase is geared primarily toward those in the Exploration and Installation stages, with some resources for those in the Initial Implementation stage.

Task 1: Be Familiar with the Purpose of Data-Based Decision-Making

Guideline:  As noted at the Center on Response to Intervention website, "Data-based decision-making is very important in the RTI framework. One could be implementing all the other components—screening, progress monitoring and multi-level prevention system—but without data-based decision-making, RTI is not really being implemented." Teachers need to be knowledgeable about applying data-based decision-making concepts within RTI. This task provides resources on data-based decision-making and its role within RTI.




Pennsylvania Parent Guide: To Special Education for School Age Children

Parents are very important participants in the special education process. To ensure the rights of students with disabilities, additional laws have been made. This parent booklet written by the Pennsylvania Department of Education, explains those laws and other "rules," so parents can feel comfortable, understand and effectively participate in the educational decision-making process for their child. Subsequent chapters address questions frequently asked by parents.

Practical Tips


RTI Data-Based Decision Making Improving Student Success

This link to the June 2018 NDMTSS (North Dakota Multi Tiered Support System) Playbook, "Improving Student Success," by providing an overview, practice filesNDMTSS worksheets and PTR Tools for data-based decision making within the context of RTI. 


Data-Driven Decision Making

This 2010 Middle School Journal features the article, 'Data-Driven Decision Making' by authors Michael J. Donhost and Vincent Anfara, Jr.

Data-Informed Decision-Making: A School-Level Blueprint

This resource provides a Pennsylvania Department of Education's Pennsylvania Value-Added Assessment System (PVAAS) document outlining a blueprint for data-based decision making. Though designed for Pennsylvanian educators, the blueprint and additional PVAAS Resources may be useful to educators in other states. 

The RTI Data Analysis Teaming Process

This RTI Action Network article, authored by Indiana University of Pennsylvania's Joseph F. Kovaleski, Megan Roble and Michelle Agne, explores a teaming process for data analysis.


Implementing Progress Monitoring with Fidelity

This webinar from the North Dakota Department of Public Instruction website provides an overview of the purpose and focus of progress monitoring, progress monitoring tools, timeframe for progress monitoring, establishing procedures for data-based decision making for progress monitoring and progress monitoring with fidelity.

Implementing Response to Intervention (RTI) with Fidelity

This 2013 publication explores the definition of RTI and Fidelity, Fidelity of RTI components and data collection.

RTI Essential Component: Data-based Decision Making

This Center on Response to Intervention webinar provides an overview of the process of data-based decision making. The webinar runs 19 minutes. A transcript of the webinar is provided.

RTI Online Forum: Data-Based Decision Making

This link to the RTI National Online Forum explores how data-based decision making is woven through the RTI model. This archived webinar runs approximately 1.5 hours. The topics can be perused via the topic index. The webinar is closed captioned.


Response to Intervention - Data Based Decision Making

This 2010 video was developed by the Response to Intervention Training Project at Lehigh University, a U.S. Department of Education funded personnel preparation grant, to guide and understand the process and importance of data-based decision making throughout all stages of a Response to Intervention model, specifically in reading. It presents four phases of the data-based decision making process: 1) Universal Screening and Pre-meeting Preparation, 2) Core Team Meetings, 3) Grade-level Team Meetings and 4) Process Outcomes.