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Task 1: Learn About Tools and Resources to Support RTI in Secondary Schools

This KnowledgeBase archive includes content and external links that were accurate and relevant as of September 30, 2019.

The Response to Intervention KnowledgeBase is an online resource supporting educators in understanding and implementing the response to intervention (RTI) model. The National Implementation Research Network (NIRN) has identified four stages in the implementation of evidence-based strategies such as RTI. The first stage is Exploration, and it involves consideration of the essential components of RTI models and the district or school's readiness to implement an RTI model with fidelity. During the second stage, Installation, a district or school selects an RTI model and works actively to put in place all of the supports necessary for implementing the essential components. These supports can include staff member training, policies, implementation guides, forms, assessments, instructional programs, and software. The third stage is Initial Implementation, and it involves implementing the essential components. Initial Implementation can involve just a few components or teachers, and then implementation expands over time. When the majority of teachers are implementing all components of RTI with fidelity, the district or school is in the fourth stage, called Full Implementation. This KnowledgeBase is geared primarily toward those in the Exploration and Installation stages, with some resources for those in the Initial Implementation stage.

Sub-task 3: Literacy




The Secondary Literacy and Intervention Guide

This 2007 Stupski Foundation developed guide provides an overview of the University of Kansas' Content Literacy Continuum (CLC), a replicable district-level model of instruction to meet the differentiated needs of struggling adolescents.  


Academic Literacy Instruction for Adolescents

This Center on Instruction guidance document is aimed at state-level policy makers as they work to improve adolescent literacy.

Adolescent Literacy Resources: An Annotated Bibliography

This link is to the Center on Instruction's annotated bibliography of adolescent literacy resources.

Adolescent Literacy Walk-Through for Principals

This link is to a Center on Instruction (COI) guide for principals. As noted at the COI website, "This guide, designed to help principals monitor and support adolescent literacy instruction in their schools more effectively, can be used at the late elementary school level, in content-area classes in middle and high school, and with intervention groups or classes."

Adolescent Literacy and Older Students with Learning Disabilities

This report from the National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities explores adolescent literacy issues for older students with disabilities.

Bringing Literacy Strategies into Content Instruction

As noted in its introduction, this Center on Instruction document "provides research-based guidance on academic literacy instruction in the content areas." The vignettes offered provide examples of how literacy instruction can be integrated into content area instruction.

Improving Adolescent Literacy: Effective Classroom and Intervention Practices

This link is to a What Works Clearinghouse practices guide addressing adolescent literacy. The guide evaluates the strength of the research on actions teachers and literacy specialists can take to improve adolescent literacy. 

Improving Literacy Instruction in Middle and High School: A Guide for Principals

This link is to a Center on Instruction (COI) guide for principals. As noted at the COI website, "this 'quick start' guide for principals of both middle and high schools identifies three goals for secondary school literacy initiatives and provides elements of instruction required to meet these goals. It then outlines the critical elements of a school-level literacy action plan."