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Response to Intervention KnowledgeBase

This KnowledgeBase archive includes content and external links that were accurate and relevant as of September 30, 2019.

The Response to Intervention KnowledgeBase is an online resource supporting educators in understanding and implementing the response to intervention (RTI) model. The National Implementation Research Network (NIRN) has identified four stages in the implementation of evidence-based strategies such as RTI. The first stage is Exploration, and it involves consideration of the essential components of RTI models and the district or school's readiness to implement an RTI model with fidelity. During the second stage, Installation, a district or school selects an RTI model and works actively to put in place all of the supports necessary for implementing the essential components. These supports can include staff member training, policies, implementation guides, forms, assessments, instructional programs, and software. The third stage is Initial Implementation, and it involves implementing the essential components. Initial Implementation can involve just a few components or teachers, and then implementation expands over time. When the majority of teachers are implementing all components of RTI with fidelity, the district or school is in the fourth stage, called Full Implementation. This KnowledgeBase is geared primarily toward those in the Exploration and Installation stages, with some resources for those in the Initial Implementation stage.

Task 1: Select Screening Tools

Guideline: The glossary of terms at the National Center on Response to Intervention website provides the following definition for universal screening: "Universal screening is conducted, usually as a first stage within a screening process, to identify or predict students who may be at risk for poor learning outcomes. Universal screening tests are typically brief—conducted with all students at a grade level and followed by additional testing or short-term progress monitoring to corroborate students' risk status." Selecting the appropriate screening tools is important to assure accurate screening results. This task provides resources to assist with selecting screening tools.




Screening Tools Chart

This link is to the screening tools chart compiled by the Center on Response to Intervention. As noted at its website, "The screening and progress monitoring tools charts reflect the results of reviews of tools by the Center's Technical Review Committee (TRC)." An explanation of the chart's features is provided at the bottom of the page.




Screening for Mathematics: Difficulties in K-3 Students

This New York State Response to Intervention Technical Assistance Center document examines the existing screening measures used at the primary level, describing the necessary features needed to screen students in grades K-3 for mathematical difficulties.

Screening for Reading Problems in Grades 1 Through 3: An Overview of Select Measures

This RTI Action Network article describes four screening processes used to identify students at risk for reading problems. It provides a list of screening measures schools might consider using for students in grades 1-3.

Universal Screening for Reading Problems: Why and How Should We Do This?

This RTI Action Network article, authored by University of Washington's Joseph R. Jenkins, Ph.D., and Boise State University's Evelyn Johnson, Ed.D., explores the issues associated with universal screening applied to reading in the early grades.