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According to Reading Rockets, from ages 3-4, most preschoolers become able to:

  • Enjoy listening to and talking about storybooks
  • Understand that print carries a message
  • Identify familiar signs and labels
  • Participate in rhyming games
  • Identify some letters and make some letter-sound matches
  • Use known letters (or their best attempt to write the letters) to represent written language, especially for meaningful words like their names or phrases such as "I love you"

 Get more resources from the Reading Rockets website


According to the Oklahoma State Department of Education, by the end of the pre-k school year, your child may be able to:

  • Know number names and be able to count to 20
  • Count the number of objects in a group up to 10
  • Recognize and duplicate patterns such as red, yellow; red, yellow; red, yellow
  • Identify common shapes
  • Compare two objects
  • Describe, sort, and compare real-world objects

Download Oklahoma State Department of Education Guide to Pre-Kindergarten Math

Dr. Blevins-Knabe received her Ph.D. from the University of Texas at Austin. Her training is in developmental psychology and her research interests are in the mathematical development of young children. In addition to work on transitivity, seriation, addition, and subtraction, she has examined the relationship between the home environment and young children’s mathematical development. Parental values, attitudes, and behaviors all influence how well children perform on assessments of mathematics. Watch video here:

Want to help children to be confident in their math abilities? Learn about the steps children typically take to learn math by exploring LTs. Each topic (or trajectory) is broken down into the levels, or steps, children take on their path to being strong mathematicians.

How Educators and Caregivers Can Create Supportive Conditions for Success in PreK-12 Mathematics. Read More


Additional Numeracy Activities

The Ontario Ministry of Education has put together a wonderful resource for math activities that are appropriate for pre-kindergarten and kindergarten, as well as older children.

Download the Parent Guide