This KnowledgeBase archive includes content and external links that were accurate and relevant as of September 30, 2019.
This document provides links to three articles addressing youth gangs published in Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Programs (OJJDP's) Juvenile Justice Bulletin. Taken together, they offer background information on the issues associated with youth gangs.
In Youth Gangs, An Overview, the author looks at the history of youth gangs and their demographic characteristics. He then assesses the scope of the youth gang problem. In Female Gangs: A Focus on Research, the authors consider the motivations for female gang membership, assess the delinquency and criminal activity of female gang members, examine the influence of ethnicity and gender norms on female gang behavior and discuss the long-term consequences of gang membership. Youth Gangs in Schools analyzes findings from the School Crime Supplements (SCS) to the National Crime Victim Survey, describes characteristics of gangs in schools and discusses contributory factors to gang prevalence in schools.
Additional Resources: Gangs in Schools
Indicators of School Crime and Safety, National Center for Education Statistics
Juvenile Justice Bulletin, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Programs (OJJDP), U.S. Department of Justice:
Youth Gangs, An Overview, James C. Howell, August 1998
Female Gangs: A Focus on Research, Joan Moore and John Hagedorn, March 2001
Youth Gangs in Schools, James C. Howell and James P. Lynch, August 2000
The contents of this website were developed under a grant from the U.S. Department of Education and are intended for general reference purposes only. However, those contents do not necessarily represent the policy of the U.S. Department of Education or the Center, and you should not assume endorsement by the Federal Government. Some resources on this site require Adobe Acrobat Reader. This website archive includes content and external links that were accurate and relevant as of September 30, 2019.