Response to Intervention KnowledgeBase
This KnowledgeBase archive includes content and external links that were accurate and relevant as of September 30, 2019.
The Response to Intervention KnowledgeBase is an online resource supporting educators in understanding and implementing the response to intervention (RTI) model. The National Implementation Research Network (NIRN) has identified four stages in the implementation of evidence-based strategies, such as RTI. The first stage is Exploration, and it involves consideration of the essential components of RTI models and the district or school's readiness to implement an RTI model with fidelity. During the second stage, Installation, a district or school selects an RTI model and works actively to put in place all of the supports necessary for implementing the essential components. These supports can include staff member training, policies, implementation guides, forms, assessments, instructional programs and software. The third stage is Initial Implementation, and it involves implementing the essential components. Initial Implementation can involve just a few components or teachers, and then implementation expands over time. When the majority of teachers are implementing all components of RTI with fidelity, the district or school is in the fourth stage, called Full Implementation. This KnowledgeBase is geared primarily toward those in the Exploration and Installation stages, with some resources for those in the Initial Implementation stage.
Task 1: Be Familiar with the Purpose of Universal Screening
Guideline: As noted by authors Jenkins, Hudson and Johnson, "In the context of an RTI prevention model, universal screening is the first step in identifying the students who are at risk for learning difficulties. It is the mechanism for targeting students who struggle to learn when provided a scientific, evidence-based general education." Being aware of the purpose of universal screening is necessary to screen students successfully. This task provides information about the purpose of universal screening.
This RTI Action Network article, authored by Penn State University's Charles Hughes, Ph.D., and Douglas D. Dexter, Ph.D., provides an overview of universal screening.
This RTI Action Network article, authored by University of Washington's Joseph R. Jenkins, Ph.D., and Boise State University's Evelyn Johnson, Ed.D., explores the issues associated with universal screening applied to reading in the early grades.
This April 2013 paper by the National Community of Practice on Collaborative School Behavior includes an archived recording of webinar and PowerPoint slides discuss the affect of trauma and ongoing stress on students.
The contents of this website were developed under a grant from the U.S. Department of Education and are intended for general reference purposes only. However, those contents do not necessarily represent the policy of the U.S. Department of Education or the Center, and you should not assume endorsement by the Federal Government. Some resources on this site require Adobe Acrobat Reader. This website archive includes content and external links that were accurate and relevant as of September 30, 2019.